Since then, the Jackson Hole Fed meeting has featured prominent speakers such as former Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan and current Chairman Jerome Powell. The symposium also used to be hosted by the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City but switched to the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis in 2019. Jackson Hole conferences of years past have underscored just how sensitive markets can be to the happenings in Wyoming. Every year in August, the Federal Reserve holds a small gathering of the world’s leading economists and policymakers against the backdrop of the Grand Teton Mountains in Wyoming.

  1. Invited attendees will participate in an online academic symposium following the speech.
  2. Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell will give what may be one the most anticipated speeches of his career, as he is expected to provide important clues on when policymakers will begin to dial back monetary policy stimulus, also known as “tapering.”
  3. The goal of the Economic Policy Symposium when it began was to provide a vehicle for promoting public discussion and exchanging ideas.
  4. The event is held late August every year and typically lasts three days, beginning with a dinner on Thursday.
  5. When it began in 1978, it was what it was expected to be—just another regional conference of economists.
  6. At the 2023 Jackson Hole Fed meeting, we can expect a more detailed outlook from Chairman Powell regarding how the US economy should approach steeper interest rates and tighter monetary policy.

Reuters has reported investors expect Powell to deliver an aggressive tightening message and dash hopes for a rate cut next year. When it began in 1978, it was what it was expected to be—just another regional conference of economists. Aiming to lift the profile of the conference, the Kansas City Fed held it at a scenic location in Colorado esp32 vs esp8266 in 1981. That made little difference but did not discourage the organisers from trying some more the next year. In 1982, they thought a high-profile attendee could get the conference more attention. The Federal Reserve’s outpost in Kansas City originally conceived the event in 1978 as a forum to discuss agricultural trade.

Jackson Hole’s Importance in Shaping Policy

The project cost an estimated six million dollars to finish, featuring both traditional and modern styles with breathtaking views. Jackson Hole not only welcomes human visitors, but also sees an estimated 9,000 elk in the winter. Moose, bison, deer, as well as mountain lions, grizzly bears and the bald eagle also call Jackson Hole home. Additionally, the Missouri native worked in the Tenth District’s banking supervision and discount window lending activities during the banking crisis of the 1980s and after 9/11. This year’s symposium is taking place at a time the S&P 500 and Nasdaq Composite are sitting at record highs, with the Dow Jones Industrial Average just shy of its own record mark. Kansas City Federal Reserve President Esther George, in a wide-ranging exclusive interview, argued that tapering should happen ‘sooner rather than later’ and predicted ‘high growth’ for the U.S. economy this year.

After causing a massive sell-off at the last Jackson Hole Fed meeting, eagle-eyed investors and traders may be looking out for the tone and language that Jerome Powell is using when it comes to tackling rising inflation. For the upcoming Jackson Hole Fed meeting, investors and traders can use this opportunity to look out for cues on any potential policy changes or economic developments. Any hints of changing monetary policies can cause a ripple effect across global markets. Knowledge and understanding of this allow investors and traders the opportunity to better position themselves in the markets based on knowledge of this newfound information.

What to expect from Fed’s Jackson Hole Economic Symposium

Important areas of discussion include monetary policy, agriculture, public policy and financial stability in global economies. Since then of, course, a couple more inflation reports have showed more cooling. But with markets on edge, Fed Chair Jay Powell is expected to echo his message from the July policy meeting that inflation remains too high and that the Fed is committed to bringing inflation back down to the central bank’s 2% target. Questions will also most certainly be raised with regards to maintaining high interest rates for extended periods. While the Federal Reserve has stated that they’re only considering interest rate cuts from 2024, investors and traders will be keeping their ears peeled for mentions of positive macroeconomic data impacting this stance.

Why markets care so much about the Fed’s annual Jackson Hole meeting — Yahoo U

It was first held in 1978 with the aim of bringing together respected experts from academia, central bankers, and economists to discuss various economic issues. Prominent members from the government, academia, economics, and the financial markets attend the Jackson Hole Symposium. This includes heads of global central banks, managers of financial institutions, and professors from respectable universities such as Harvard and Stanford.


Every year, the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas selects a specific relevant topic for the event and chooses a pool of attendees based on that chosen topic. The Kansas City Fed posts the papers online, along with full transcripts from the event for anyone to read. The Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City has sponsored the symposium for more than three decades, focusing on important economic issues facing the U.S. and world economies. The Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City will hold its 45th annual Economic Policy Symposium virtually this year, as opposed to in its traditional Jackson Hole setting in Wyoming. In 2007, the theme for the conference ‘Housing, Housing Finance and Monetary Policy’ was viewed by some invitees as boring at the time of its announcement, according to the Kansas City Fed. However, when the event kicked off in August, the housing market had collapsed, making this topic both relevant and timely.

A major and ongoing consideration for central bankers is staying ahead of inflation by setting interest rates to prevent disruptive rapid price increases; however, these days, preventing inflation isn’t as simple as it used to be. The global economy is awash in liquidity, normally an ignition source for inflation, as more money chases the same quantity of goods, leading to ever-higher prices. A major and ongoing consideration for central bankers is trying to stay ahead of inflation by setting interest rates to prevent rapid price increases. The 1984 symposium focused on topics such as the causes of inflation, the benefits of price stability, tradeoffs between unemployment and inflation, and monetary strategy with an elastic price standard.

Running from August 25-27, the event will kick off with a speech by Fed Chair Jerome Powell.

And bond traders have been telling me if real yields were to get above that 2% level, that could be problematic for the Fed. It raises the question of how they would filter that into setting monetary policy if the bond market begins doing the Fed’s work for it. The tradition that began with fly-fishing also came to include fun events such as barbecues where central bankers appeared in cowboy attire and—since rodeo is part of Jackson Hole’s cowboy tradition—even a roping contest. The best candidate for that role would be the chairman of the US Fed who was Paul Volcker at that time. So, the organisers decided to host the conference at the best fly-fishing spot in their region which happened to be in the Jackson Hole valley. Volcker took the bait and came to attend, setting a precedent for every chair of the US Fed after him.

Grand Teton National Park occupies the northwestern part of the valley, encompassing much of the Teton Range and Jackson Lake. Route 26, “Glacier View Turnout” offering a view of Teton Glacier on the north of Grand Teton,[3] and the National Elk Refuge, home of the largest elk herd on earth. The Snake River threads through the entire valley from its headwater in Yellowstone in the north to the mouth of the Snake River Canyon at the southern tip of the valley. The average elevation of the valley is over 6,500 feet (2,000 m) above sea level.

In 2005, Raghuram Rajan, the former chairman of the RBI who was then the IMF chief economist, kicked up a storm at Jackson Hole with his paper ‘Has financial development made the world riskier? The symposium was a sort of farewell to Greenspan who was going to retire after presiding over a market that had turned extremely risky due to his easy money policies. Rajan became a butt of jokes at the conference when he warned about the danger posed by complex derivative products. A few years later, Rajan was proved right when financial crisis struck in 2008.

Jerome H. Powell, the current Fed head, has made headlines with each and every one of his Jackson Hole speeches, which has investors waiting anxiously for this year’s. It is the only part of the closed-door conference that is broadcast to the public. The Jackson Hole Economic Symposium is one of the longest-standing central banking conferences in the world. Attendees are selected based on each year’s topic, with additional consideration given to create regional diversity among attendees.

Those bullish on the market will be anticipating a more dovish tone when it comes to how the Fed deals with inflationary concerns. Conversely, if the Federal Reserve keeps up with its hawkish stance, we may see another major sell-off as investors and traders seek greener pastures and dump their existing holdings in the market. But Fed chairs, aware of the heightened attention, have used speeches at the Jackson Hole meeting to provide an update on economic conditions and signal policy shifts ahead.